From: Irena Turnau, 1973 "Aspects of the Russian Artisan: The Knitter of the Seventeenth to the Eighteenth Century." Textile History
(4) p. 7The first traces of knitted goods, which have been found within the territory of the present Soviet Union, date from the early Middle Ages. Archaeological excavations have produced implements used in knitting and also the remains of garments. A type of shawl was brought to light in the Latvian excavations. (1) The indoor slippers from Belozero, dating from the eleventh-twelfth century, were crocheted or possibly knitted. (2)
There's also mention of a naalbinded glove from the 16th century from Fadeev, and the Gdansk glove.
(1) Z. Jaworski, 'Welny tkanin ze sredniowiecznych kurkahow L.S.R.R.' Slavia Antiqua
II, I, 1949-50Edit: A Lithuanian Bibliography
says the reference is...
Zygmunt Jaworski 'Welny tkanin z wozesnoshistory
anow L.S.R.R.' Slavia Antiqua
(2) 1949-50 pp.-507
(2) L.I. Jakunina, 'Fragmenty odezdy i obuvi' Istoriceskij pamjatnik russkogo Artikticeskogo moreplavanija XVII veka
(Leningrad: 1951) pp.179-186
Now I want to know about the shawl, since I know some Viking re-enactor types have been naalbinding shawls, and sadly Turnau's work is often translated weirdly so there's little difference between knitting and naalbinding. Crocheting usually just means naalbinding though.